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Nikolay Nikonorov

Nikolay Nikonorov


Nikolay Nikonorov was born in Leningrad in 1952. He majored in Quantum Electronics at Leningrad Institute of Fine Mechanics and Optics in 1976. He received his PhDin Optics in 1986 (Vavilov State Optical Institute, Leningrad, USSR), Dr.Sc. degree (habilitation thesis) in Optics in 1996 (Vavilov State Optical Institute, Leningrad, USSR), and became a professor in 2008 (St. Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics — University ITMO). For a long period (spanning over 27 years) Nikolay Nikonorov had been working for Vavilov State Optical Institute as a technician, engineer, research scientist, senior research scientist, Head of laboratory. During 9 months he had been working for Center for Research and Education in Electro-Optics and Lasers (CREOL) at the University of Central Florida in Orlando (Orlando, FL, USA) as a visiting research professor. From 1997 till 2002 he has been working for Corning Scientific Center in St. Petersburg (one of the biggest world optical fiber companies) as a leading research scientist and a Head of Optical Material Science Chair. From joining University ITMO in 1995 till 2003, he worked as a professor. Since 2003 Professor Nikonorov is a Head of Optical information Technologies and Materials at University ITMO. This division is a leading institution in Russia for teaching students and training qualified professionals, as well as fundamental and applied R&D in a field of optical material science. Since 2004 Professor Nikonorov has been a director of one of the key scientific departments at University ITMO — Research Institute for Nanophotonics and Optical Information Technology. In 2007—2008 the Chair and institute were involved in two large research programs funded by the Russian government: Innovation Educational Program and Program for Nanotechnology.


Professor Nikonorov's research work has resulted in the establishment of a new field of scientific research — Optical Material Science of Glass Waveguides.

He developed a new generation of optical ion-exchangeable glasses for micro-optics, integrated, fiber, and GRIN optics, as well as new 3D holographic media — photo-thermo-refractive glasses for high efficiency volume Bragg gratings recording. On the basis of the glasses he developed a new generation of optical elements and devices for photonic applications — super narrowband space and spectral filters for laser telescopic systems, selectors, mirrors, and combiners for solid state and diode lasers, WDMs. He developed also a new optical polyfunctional material — laser photothermorefractive nanoglassceramics for DBG micro-chip lasers and planar amplifiers and new plasmonic nanomaterials for nonlinear optical filters and high speed switching units. Professor Nikonorov has found and investigated some new physical phenomena and effects: glasses swelling by radiation, second harmonic generation in volume of glasses, cooperative multiplication of color centers in glasses, and non-linear quenching in highly concentrated laser glasses.

Professor Nikonorov is the Head of a respected research school in Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies for Photonics. He has authored more than 350 papers and 10 patents in the area of optics, photonics, optical engineering, optical technologies, optical material science, optical materials characterization, nanomaterials, nanotechnology, and nanophotonics. He is the author of 14 educational courses of lectures, textbooks, and training manuals.

Professional memberships

Member of

  • Rozhdestvensky Optical Society (Russia)
  • American Ceramic Society
  • Optical Society of America
  • Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

Honored medals of Rozhdestvensky and Vavilov by Rozhdestvensky Optical Society.


Lecturing: prepared 3 educational courses of lectures: Waveguide Photonics, Materials and Technologies for Integrated and Fiber Optics, Materials for Laser Optoelectronics.

Post-graduate students training: more than ten PhD theses.

Development of educational programs: took part in development and opening in Russia a new Federal educational program of Photonics and Optical information technology for teaching at Bachelors' and Masters' levels. Developed Bachelor program of Optical Material Science and Master's program in Material and Technologies for Photonics.

Current Research Interests

R&D in fiber and integrated optics, micro-optics, nanophotonics, non-linear optics, 3D holography, interaction of laser radiation with matter, laser optics, spectroscopy of solids, physics and chemistry of glasses, new photonics materials: glasses, glass ceramics, and crystals including nanomaterials and nanotechnologies.

Selected Publications

  1. Nikonorov N.V., Sidorov A.I., Tsekhomski V.A., Vinogradova O.P. Low-threshold nonlinear-optical response of photochromic glasses with copper chloride nanocrystals. Journal of Optical Technology, 2008, Vol.75, Issue 12, pp. 809-812.
  2. Aseev V. A., Zlatov A. S., Nikonorov N. V., PrzhevuskiД­ A. K., Fedorov Yu. K. Gain spectra in ytterbium-erbium metaphosphate glasses for microlasers. Journal of Optical Technology, 2008, Vol. 75, Issue 3, pp. 203-205.
  3. Veiko V.P., Nikonorov N.V., Shur V.Ya., Luches A., Kieu Q.K., Rho S. Laser-induced modification of glass-ceramics microstructure and applications . Applied Surface Science. 2005, Vol.248, Issues 1 - 4, p.231-237.
  4. Rokhmin A .S., Nikonorov N.V., Przhevuskii A.K.. Absorption and luminescence anisotropy of optical centers in thulium glasses for optical amplifiers. Optics and Spectroscopy, Vol.98, „–4, 2005, pp. 559-563.
  5. Rokhmin A . S., Nikonorov N. V., Przhevuskii A. K., Chukharev A. V., Ulyashenko A. M. Study of polarized luminescence in erbium-doped laser glasses. Optics and Spectroscopy, Vol.96, „– 2, 2004, pp. 168-174.
  6. Nikonorov N.V., Przhevuskii A.K., Chukharev A.V. Characterization of non-linear upconversion quenching in Er-doped glasses: modeling and experiment. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2003, Vol.324, pp.92-108.
  7. Przhevuskii A.K., Nikonorov N.V. Monte-Carlo simulation of upconversion processes in erbium-doped materials. Optical Materials, 2003, Vol.21, pp.729-741.
  8. Nikonorov N., Przhevuskii Р ., Prassas M., Jacob D.. Experimental determination of the upconversion rate in erbium-doped silicate glasses. Applied Optics, 1999, Vol.38, „–30, pp.6284-6291.
  9. Nikonorov N.V. Influence of ion-exchange treatment on the physicochemical properties of glass and waveguide surfaces (a review), Glass Physics and Chemistry, 1999, Vol.25, „–3, p.207-232.
  10. Nikonorov N.V., Petrovskii G.T. Ion-exchange glasses in integrated optics: the current state of research and prospects (a review), Glass Physics and Chemistry, 1999, Vol.25, „–1, pp.16-55.
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